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SCP 540 - Intro to Research and Program Evaluation : Research Org & APA Citation

Research Organization Spreadsheet

Organizing & Saving your Research

Effectively organizing your research promotes clearer thinking and writing. A critical research organization tool is a citation manager (CM), which is software that stores, arranges, and cites your sources. Zotero is a free CM, this version has a 300 MB capacity, that you can download onto your computer, work on mulitple research projects simultaneously, upload images or PDF files, and export citations into Microsoft Word or Google Docs. It's easy to use and will help you manage research-based assignments and organize your course readings. 

Citing the DSM

Citing the DSM is covered in Sections 10.2 and 10.3 of the APA Publication Manual, and online.

Entire volume DSM citation (follows BOOK format):

American Psychiatric Association. (2022). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed., text  rev.).

  • Parenthetical citations: (American Psychiatric Association, 2022)
  • Narrative citations: American Psychiatric Association (2022)

Entry in the DSM (follows BOOK CHAPTER format):

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Anxiety disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).

  • Parenthetical citation: (American Psychiatric Association, 2013)
  • Narrative citation: American Psychiatric Association (2013)
  • Because the author and the publisher are the same, “American Psychiatric Association” is written only in the author element.
  • Provide a DOI when the diagnostic manual has one.
  • For editions of the DSM without DOIs, the reference ends after the title edition.

For More Information

For more detailed examples of different types of citations, see our full APA Citation Guide:

APA Elements of a Citation

Right-Click-Open in New Tab, to enlarge. American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).

APA Citation Examples

Sometimes it's helpful to see a specific citation example to better understand the format. Citing a blog? Journal article? Tweet? Model your citation after a relevant example on one of these pages:

APA Handouts and Guides

APA provides detailed guidance on each aspect of APA Style and Grammar at the following links: